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What Are Systematic Reviews?

Systematic Review

A systematic review answers a defined research question by collecting and summarizing all empirical evidence that fits pre-specified eligibility criteria.

  • Systematic review = study of studies
  • Systematic reviews collect and summarize the literature surrounding a topic
  • Systematic reviews evaluate individual studies and analyze the findings
  • Systematic reviews are useful for learning about general topics and relevant research

How Are Systematic Reviews Conducted?

A great way to approach the development of systematic reviews (and meta-analyses) is to break them down into smaller and more simple executable tasks. "A 24-Step Guide on How to Design, Conduct, and Successfully Publish a Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis in Medical Research" is a helpful paper that provides authors with concrete steps to follow when starting the systematic review and/or meta-analysis process. These steps can be placed into the following general categories:

Define and design

Search and collect

Extract, evaluate, and consult “experts in the field” of interest

“Summarize and explain findings”

Check publication bias and evidence quality

Submit for publication

 24-Step Guide for Conducting a Systematic Review, from Muka et al., 2019


Muka, T., Glisic, M., Milic, J. et al. A 24-step guide on how to design, conduct, and successfully publish a systematic review and meta-analysis in medical research. Eur J Epidemiol35, 49–60 (2020).

wiki/guide/overview.txt · Last modified: 2022/05/12 17:17 by tiffany